This exhibition highlights the Jami’ al-Tawarikh (“World History” or “Compendium of Chronicles”) of Rashid al-Din, one of the masterpieces of. Khalili Collections | Islamic Art | This copy of the Jami’ al-Tawarikh is without doubt one of the greatest illustrated medieval manuscripts. During the reign of Uljaitu (–17), this text was expanded into the Jami’ al- tavarikh, or Compendium of Chronicles. The text initially comprised three volumes.

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It was probably divided into two parts in the mids, though both sections remained in India until the 19th century, when they were acquired by the British. Shagdaryn Bira, Mongolian Historical Writing from totr. Rashid al-Din’s illustrated history of the world. TAGS ilkhanids Jami-al-tawarikh world history.

One descriptor says it shows Muhammad with Hamza ibn Abdul-Muttalib and Ali before sending them to battle.

Khalili Collections | Islamic Art | The Jami‘ al-Tawarikh of Rashid al-Din

One reason for preserving this memory was certainly highly practical, and explains the strong emphasis not only on the tribal origins and genealogies of the leading Mongol families but also especially on the genealogy of the ruling dynasty. In the 15th century, the Arabic copy was in Heratperhaps claimed after a victory by the Timurid dynasty.

The miniatures are ink drawings with watercolour washes added, a technique also used in China; although they are generally in good condition, there was considerable tawatikh of metallic silver for highlights, which has now oxidized to black.

Together they comprise about half a manuscript of folios or so, recording the history of the non-Mongol peoples of Eurasia. Folio 22a a of the reconstructed manuscript The mountains between India and Tibet with a female pilgrim in Indian dress 15 x Ahmet III, ; see Togan,pp. twwarikh

The subjects cho-sen to illustrate the text are partly for pedagogical purposes and partly reflect current interests at the Il-khanid court Blair,esp. He then bequeathed it to the Royal Asiatic Society in The use of silver now oxidised for the modelling of faces and their features is likewise very un-Chinese. Histoire des Mongols de la PerseParis,repr.


The following 3 pages uses this file: It originally resembled a Western work not only in its contents, but also in its page layout and illustration cf.

Encyclopædia Iranica

Only portions of it have survived, [17] divided into two parts between the University of Edinburgh folios and the Khalili Collection 59 foliosalthough some researchers argue for these being from two different copies. Iran portal Literature portal. The Suwar al-akalima geographical compendium.

MSSfolio 45a. Architectural settings are sometimes given a sense of depth by different layers being shown and the use of a three-quarters view. Sheila Blair, to the year This is a faithful photographic reproduction of a two-dimensional, public domain work of art.

Recent scholarship has noted that, although surviving early examples are now uncommon, human tawwrikh art was a continuous tradition in the Muslim world in secular contexts such jani literature, science, and history ; as early as the 9th century, such art flourished during the Abbasid Caliphate c. Folio 30b b of the reconstructed manuscript Ravana, king of Lanka and king of the demons, lies dead before Rama a scene from the Indian epic, the Ramayana 12 x The work describes cultures and major events in world history from China to Europe; in addition, it covers Mongol history, as a way of establishing their cultural legacy.

Today only two early-fourteenth-century Persian copies of the Compendium and part of one Arabic copy survive. Kami from Christian art can also be seen; for example the Birth of Muhammad adapts the standard Byzantine composition for the Nativity of Jesusbut instead of the Biblical Magi approaching at the left there is a file of three women.

File:Birth of Muhammad from the Jami‘ al-tawarikh (big).jpg – Wikimedia Commons

Unfortunately, it has not survived in any known manuscript. The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason: Folio 59a a of the reconstructed manuscript Jonah and the whale 12 x The oldest known copy is an Arabic version, of which half has been lost, but one set of pages is currently in the Khalili Collectioncomprising 59 folios from the second volume of the work.

MSSaal 11a, with the seal of Shahrukh. Folio 12b b of the reconstructed manuscript Three emperors of the Three Kingdoms. The details of his life have been fully studied elsewhere e. Although most scholarly attention has focused on volume one, which is a fundamental source for the history of the rise and establishment of the Mongol Empire, from a historiographical point of view, the second volume is far more significant as the first attempt to write a universal history: The original description page was here.


This, no doubt, reflects the important role of his oral sources of information, which in this case probably included the Amir Nowruz, who is specifically mentioned as an informant ed. As its title suggests, the work is a compilation of materials not only on Islamic and Persian history, but also on the Mongols and other peoples with whom they came into contact: There are some omissions: He rapidly gained political importance, and in became the vizier of emperor and Muslim convert Ghazan.

His father was an apothecary and he himself trained as a physician, entering the service of the Ilkhan Abaqa tawariky — Folio 52a a of the reconstructed manuscript Moses commands the Levites to behead those who had worshipped the Golden Calf 13 x By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

One zl is the suggestion that the killing of the Christian community in Lucera was in response to the Muslim capture of Acre and the destruction of churches in Il-Khanid Iran ed.

Clifford Edmund Bosworth, 4th ed. The Edinburgh part covers some of the earlier history up through a section about the Prophet Muhammad, and then this story is continued in the Khalili portion, with further narratives weaving back and forth between the two collections, ending with the final section also being in the Edinburgh collection.

Folio 14a a of the reconstructed manuscript Two emperors of the Qi and Liang dynasties. This page was last edited on 12 Decemberat It contained multiple buildings, including a mosquehospital, library, and classrooms, employing over workers. Zeki Validi Togan, ; tr.