Coffee varieties are divided to two main varieties: Arabica and Robusta. These are Catimor. Catimor is a mix between Caturra and Timor, that was created in Portugal in These have made Variedad Colombia a popular coffee variety. Viveros de café y cacao “Molocho” · August 24, ·. Variedad “Catimor” listo para la siembra. Image may contain: plant, outdoor and nature · 14 Likes1. But in the coffee world, they’re less understood. You might Spanish Version: Geisha vs Bourbon: Un Curso Intensivo de Variedades de Café.

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Because of its high yield, it is one of the most famous coffee varieties grown in Brazil. Found commonly in Rwanda and Burundi. For more information on the history of the Catimor group, see T Heirloom is an Ethiopian wild variety, that is an inheritor of the original coffee bushes growing in the Ethiopian forests.

Robusta is more productive and less susceptible to plant diseases, such as leaf rust. The selection process for Caturra was called mass selectionmeaning that a group of individuals are selected based on their superior performance, seed from these plants is bulked to form a new generation, and then the process is repeated.

The variety arrived into Brazil late 19 th century and quickly spread around South and Middle America. Due to Timor being a variety of Robusta, Catimors acidity is low and the flavor is a bit bitter. Varieties resistant to pests or diseases are, in most cases, the most economical and environmentally friendly alternatives for coffee growers in their quest for profitable and sustainable agriculture.

Coffee Varieties

Normally the varieties with the best flavor have a smaller yield. When the arrival of coffee rust Hemileia vastatrix threatened coffee growing in the Americas the need to develop new varieties resistant to this disease became a priority in many countries.

These are further divided into multiple varieties and different coffees taste completely different based on the growth conditions of the coffee.

The flavor includes notes like classic caramel and chocolate. High yielding dwarf variety resistant to coffee leaf rust and coffee berry disease.


Caturra led in part to the intensification of coffee cultivation through higher density planting, often in full sun, that took place in the region in the second half of the 20th century. Obtained from a cross between Caturra and Timor Hybrid varieties, the project was headed by and using line selection method in the segregating and subsequent generations for the progenies F3, F4, F5Castillo is the result of many years of hard work in search of perdurable resistance to rust and higher productivity, with a proved and preemptive resistance to the new threat of CBD.

Most of the high quality coffees from Kenya include both of these varieties. Very high susceptibility to coffee leaf rust. First released inthe variety known as Colombia was also very productive, and throghout the decades it also underwent several improvements. Product and Innovation Tweet.

Variedad Colombia sometimes just Colombia is a varjedad of Catumor, created in Colombia. Because of the Robusta, the coffee is great at surviving with leaf rust. Seeds taken from hybrid plants will not have the same characteristics as the parent plants.

The strain is very productive and great at surviving leaf diseases. Catuai A compact plant with high yielding potential of standard quality in Central America. High yielding variety, with exceptional quality at elevations above meters.

Caturra has a single-gene mutation that causes the plant to grow smaller called dwarfism. Various lines of the coffee-leaf-rust-resistant Timor Hybrid were crossed with Caturra to produce a dwarf plant with rust resistance. The release of composed varieties varieties with a seed mix consisting of several parents with different sources of resistance was made aiming for durable resistance, considering that coffee is a semi permanent crop and that in the Colombian coffee regions cultivation is often continuous.

It was discovered on a plantation in the state of Minas Gerais in Brazil sometime between and Heirloom sub-varieties include Kurume and Welicho and its flavor is pleasantly acidity and juicy. Catimor High yielding dwarf variety resistant to coffee leaf rust and coffee berry disease.

CCI en – Variedad Castillo®: Rust Resistance, Regional Adaptability and Quality

The choice of coffee variety is a major decision for a coffee farmer. It is originally from the Ethiopian village of Gesha. Coffee varieties are divided to two main varieties: Subsequently, and already in the presence of rust, Dr. Caturra is a natural mutation of the Bourbon variety. However, not all Arabica is a specialty coffee. The variety should only be reproduced through clonal propagation and purchased from trusted nurseries. Organic Coffees, Quality and They failed in their given mission, but managed to create the SL28 and SL34 varieties, that have an intensely citrusy, sweet and multidimensional caffe profiles.


It is a bit lower than Bourbon and has more branches, which makes Caturra a bit more productive.

It has spread around the world and it has adapted to local climates, creating many different variations like Kona Hawaii and Blue Mountain Jamaica. Its name derives from the Guarani word meaning “small. F1 hybrids in Central America are part of an effort by breeders to increase the genetic diversity of varieties in the region since the traditional American varieties are severely genetically constricted.

A Comprehensive Coffee Family Tree. Bourbon is the other of the two main varieties of Arabica, along with Typica. Varieda it is a very close match to Bourbon. However, Catimor is a great match for the environment in Indonesia and it produces pleasantly herbal flavors.

Arabica Coffee Varieties | Casiopea

Nowadays Heirloom has multiple recognizable variants and depending on the village, Heirloom is always slightly different. You would like to find on our CCI site? There are only a handful of F1 hybrid coffee varieties in the world, most developed in the last 10 years, and only recently commercially available to farmers.

Multiple cagimor have cade developed from Bourbon. Bourbon Mayaguez Vigorous and highly productive tall variety with very good cup quality. Examples of Catimor varieties include: All of the most known coffee varieties are Arabica.